Blockchain is a technology that engineers are increasingly using to create groundbreaking applications to facilitate palpable business outcomes. These applications help enterprises solve complex problems in a cost-effective manner by eliminating third parties such as banks from business processes, accelerating operations, and by allowing faster consensus among participants.
Two types of Blockchain: Public and Permissioned
To understand how blockchain can be modeled to address specific industry needs, one needs to understand the two types of blockchain,
(i) Public blockchain- Also known as “permissionless blockchain”, public blockchain is open to all and every participant is anonymous.
(ii) Permissioned blockchain- Much in contrast to public blockchains, permissioned blockchains are accessible by a limited number of participants and their identities are not hidden. The permissioned blockchain can be further divided into private and semi-private. These can be distinguished by their accessibility within organizations. A private blockchain operates within a single organization whereas a semi-private operates between organizations.
Of the two the semi-private (also known as federated or consortium) blockchain is more relevant for its practical potential since industries function by the cooperation and transactional relations of numerous companies.
Real-World Blockchain Applications –
Companies that want to play safe when it comes to complex transactions with high potential risk are implementing blockchain applications. Blockchain is frequently seen in the following areas of industry,
1. Supply Chains: Failures Are Costly and Hard to Trace
Supply chains that support manufacturing companies are often vast and extend all over the globe, and demand high levels of efficiency to remain competitive. One of the top priorities especially in the gigantic sectors of food and health it becomes imperative to be able to trace where the goods are coming from. Unfortunately, the bigger the company, the more complex is its supply chain with components making numerous change of hands in a vast supplier base.
The information of transactions made at every level of the supply chain is stored in the digital ledger of a blockchain, is encrypted, and is made accessible to network participants. In the event of the detection of a flawed component, the shared ledger would make it easy to trace the source of the product.
2. Trade Finance Transactions
Blockchain simplifies and accelerates the traditionally paper-heavy trade finance processes. The innovation known to obliterate intermediaries has found an especially appropriate application in this industry which relies immensely on third parties such as banks to validate and verify transactions, often at very high charges.
The rising number of projects that are implementing blockchain applications indicates growth in the appetite of enterprises for high-tech solutions such as blockchain. The prediction, therefore, goes that companies will build on the early current success stories and invest substantially into blockchain in the coming years.